HAVANA._ Close to celebrating 500 years of its founding, on November 16, 1519, the Cuban capital offers thousands of tourists from around the world the possibility to enjoy its many majestic colonial fortresses.
Built to protect the city from the attacks of corsairs and pirates, these fortresses are very well preserved and abound with history. For this reason they feature as one of Havana’s main attractions.
A good example is the Morro Castle. Located at the entrance of the Bay of Havana, this fortress welcomes all visitors who enter the city by sea. Both, the Morro Castle and the San Carlos de la Cabaña Fortress, feature on tourist postcards, representing not only Havana but all of Cuba as well.
The Morro Castle perches on top of a cliff at the entrance of the bay. Its construction began in 1589 and was completed in 1630.
Meanwhile, the Castillo de la Real Fuerza (Royal Force Castle) began to be built in 1558 and was finished in 1578.
The construction of La Punta and El Morro Castle allowed for crossfire against the attackers. The construction of La Punta Castle, which lasted 10 years, was finished in 1600, 30 years earlier than “El Morro,” as it is popularly known.
As ordered by King Carlos III, the construction of the San Carlos de La Cabaña Castle was started in 1763. It covers an area of 700 meters with 450 meters of thick walls.
The Morro Castle is a tourist attraction that includes snack bars and restaurants like La Divina Pastora and Los 12 Apóstoles (The 12 Apostles); names given in honor of its most emblematic artillery pieces.
The Morro Castle, which has the shape of an irregular polygon, rises 40 meters above sea level.
One of the most significant events in its history was the1762 attack by the English squadron that conquered the Morro and besieged Havana for eleven months until July 6, 1763.
Visitors can easily spot its ten-meter tower and the lighthouse that served as watchtower. The latter was initially fuelled by wood, then by oil in 1819, by acetylene in 1928, and finally by electricity in 1945.Share on FB Share on TT