HAVANA._ In spite of disagreements over crucial issues under debate, representatives from Colombia’s Revolutionary Armed Forces-People’s Army (FARC-EP) and the government continue holding peace talks in Havana with the objective of bringing the armed conflict in the South American country to an end.
The main reasons for these differences are fundamentally expressed by the continuation of military operations in moments when the guerrilla has a unilateral ceasefire in place, as well as in the lack of consensus over methods for approving an eventual final agreement, and over the signing of the partial accord of justice announced in September.
The Colombian government has not yet closed the agreement for the creation of a Special Jurisdiction for Peace that was supposed to have been sealed on September 23 when Colombian President Santos met with the FARC-EP Commander Timoleón Jiménez in Havana, with Cuban President Raúl Castro present too.
The agreement is said to be crucial because it deals with one of the most complex items on the agenda for the peace talks. Moreover, it establishes the basic mechanisms for investigating, trying and sentencing those people responsible for the armed conflict.
Regarding this, the FARC-EP considers that the acceptance of the accord is a condition for starting the six-month countdown agreed at that time to be a deadline to sign the Final Agreement.
The Colombian guerrilla has also reported that the government has been announcing unilateral decisions which hinder the road toward achieving long-lasting, stable peace in the country, which has been suffering from armed conflict for more than 50 years.
Imposing unilateral decisions undoubtedly leads to failure, recently warned the head of the FARC-EP Peace Talk delegation, Iván Márquez, who urged the Juan Manuel Santos government to solve pending issues together.
He also noted that important topics are still waiting to be debated, and that it is imperative to remain calm in order to be able to achieve progress in the complex issues related to the conditions and the remaining points of the agenda.
Far beyond the disagreements –which were to be expected given the magnitude and complexity of the issues to be solved- the two sides have agreed that the efforts for stopping the war are viable and pressing, which has left more than 300,000 people dead in Colombia, with millions of others directly affected too.
In fact, this negotiating peace process, which officially began in November 2012 with permanent headquarters in Havana, has proven to be more successful than the ones held in Colombia.
As a result of these talks, the FARC-EP and the Colombian government have so far reached a consensus over a rural reform, political participation and the illegal drugs issue. Still pending are the topics related to laying down arms and adopting mechanisms for signing a possible final agreement.Share on FB Share on TT