Known as both Saint Peter of the Rock Castle and Morro Castle, this military fortress in Santiago de Cuba was granted World Heritage Site status in 1998.
Santiago’s renaissance Morro Castle was built in 1638 to protect the city from naval attack, an idea originally conceived by Pedro de la Roca y Borja, the Governor of the province.
It was the famous Italian engineer, Bautista Antonelli, -- who had also built some of Cuba’s most important forts, such as those of Havana – who directed the design and building work so as to fully exploit the offensive and defensive potential of the site on which it stands.
The Morro of Santiago has since been rebuilt a number of times, most significantly by military engineer, Juan Martín Cermeño after it had been virtually destroyed by two earthquakes in 1758 and 1766. It was this remodeling that gave the castle its present form.
The fort, a “must-see” for visitors to Cuba’s heroic city of Santiago, stands 74m above sea level, from where it proudly displays its walls and history.Share on FB Share on TT