HAVANA._ Economic crisis, political instability and personal insecurity are among the factors that drive people to migrate in the hope that a change of place, nation or region will improve their social and economic prospects and quality of life.
Drug-trafficking, poverty, violence, the arms trade, nuclear threat and ecological disaster also contribute to present massive and unstopping migration trends.
Argentinian psychologist and political scientist Marcelo Carlussi considers that “there have never been as many people as there are now fleeing difficult situations and paradoxically, there have never been so many difficult situations from which to flee.¨
He said that today, well being and wealth multiply in gigantic leaps for many, but for so many more they increase inversely, due to to marginalization, lack of opportunities and precariousness.
Carlussi recalled that people flee from misery, from rural to urban areas, from poor countries to richer ones to the North, as they also flee war and political persecution, among other scourges.
The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) estimates that around 28.5 million people from that region reside outside their nation of origin.
Meanwhile, the immigrant population in that same region has risen to 7.6 million; mostly from intra-continental migration.
ECLAC statistics indicate that the 28.5 million emigrants from the continent account for 4 percent of the total population and represent a rise on the 26 million for the year 2000.
In terms of origin, around 12 million come from Mexico, which tops the list, followed from afar by Colombia and El Salvador.
While 2.4 million of these emigrants chose Spain as their destination, 70 percent of them opted for the United States. The latter currently hosts 20.8 million Latin American and Caribbean emigrants.
The following statistics explain the need for an urgent response to this issue:
-The figure of 28.5 million Latin American migrants represents 13 percent of the global total.
-The number of Latin American migrants has risen over the past 10 years and continues to grow.
-The highest percentage of individuals living outside their country are Mexican, Colombian, Nicaraguan and Uruguayan. Most migrants are under thirty, mostly between 20 and 29 years of age.
-Five million people suffer the trauma of forced displacement by drugtraffickers and other armed groups.
-Climate change is increasing the rate of migrant flows in Mexico, Central American, North Eastern Brazil, the Andes range and Patagonia regions.
-Latin America is the world´s largest recipient of remittances both in per capita terms and amounts comparable to direct inward investment and far greater than official development aid.
-In countries such as El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras remittances represent 14, 11 and 10 per cent of their GDP, respecively.
Consequently, there is nothing more pressing on the agenda than the full inclusion of migration for post 2015 strategy development and plans to exploit positives from migratory patterns.
They must equally offer protection to the rights of migrants, especially children, adolescents, women, and poorly qualified workers in unforgiving circumstances forced upon them by a search for refuge and security.Share on FB Share on TT