HAVANA._ The tenth Congress of Marine Sciences, MARCUBA 2015, laid the foundations for closer work between scientific communities from Cuba and the United States, according to its organizers.
The event was attended by 103 U.S. experts, mostly as listeners, a record number compared to the some 15 accreditations often granted in past congresses, said Guillermo García, president of the organizing committee.
This step responds to the resumption of diplomatic relations between Havana and Washington on December 17, 2014, added García,who is also the director of Cuba’s National Aquarium.
Held on November 16-20 at Havana’s Convention Center, the congress presented 37 papers by U.S. speakers and also conferences by three directors of U.S. institutions, featuring the one on results of a recent monitoring of sharks conducted by a U.S.- Cuban team of experts.
Robert Hueter, from the Mote Marine Laboratory of the United States, highlighted that Cuba is a leader in the creation of a coastal protection system that significantly simplifies that kind of scientific observation.
The joint research work kept eyes on species both in the northern and southern coast of Cuba, and comprised such areas as the Jardines de la Reina archipelago and Cojímar, a fishing town in eastern Havana.
The study concluded that, according to the season of the year, certain species dominate on the Havana coast, and that the Oceanic shark –of small size- is currently in a bad state of conservation.
The study conducted by the Cuban and U.S. scientists was filmed by the Discovery channel, which produced the series “Tiburones: Sharks of Cuba.”
The congress also made known that the aid offered by foreign entities to Cuba’s 12 largest coastal projects is currently estimated at nearly $53 million.
„Some of the agencies and institutions that most contribute to those efforts include the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, the UN Environment Fund and the European Union,” announced the representative in Cuba of the UN Development Program, Gricel Acosta.
The huge ecological disasters that occur at present call for greater legislative achievements, said Orlando Rey, who has a master’s degree in Juridical Sciences.
At present, no legal instrument exists for coping with oceans and seas directly, the Cuban specialist stressed during the conference.
Similarly, it was denounced that the economic vulnerability of small insular developing states continues to increase as long as international forums fail to reach a consensus.
“Obtaining income in the short term is in open contradiction with the idea of sustainability,” Dr. Ramón Pichs stressed in statements for The Havana Reporter.
Even when most of those nations have high human development indexes, that reality may well change overnight due to climatologic events such as hurricanes, for instance, the analyst explained.Share on FB Share on TT