The Pedro Kourí Institute of Tropical Medicine (IPK in Spanish) in Havana celebrated once again the International Dengue Course, a meet created to give updates and debates concerning the epidemic situation of this illness and its regional and world control.
Doctors, virologists, immunologists, sociologists, epidemiologists, and entomologists along with teachers from national and international institutions from at least a dozen countries are taking part in the fourteenth edition of this course, from August 10-21 in the emblematic Havana scientific centre which plays a transcendental role in vigilance, assistance, diagnostics and training to confront the infectious and tropical illnesses in Cuba and in other countries.
Among the teachers, experts from the following North American universities attended: Vanderbilt, John Hopkins, California, Florida and the School of Public Health.
On this occasion the event took place in memory of the Cuban scientist Carlos Juan Finlay who discovered that the female mosquito Aedes aegypti is the agent transmitter of yellow fever. On August 20 this year the centenary of his death was commemorated.
Through theoretical and practical sessions on the course, aspects related to clinical practice, epidemiology, virology, immunology, vector control, risky atmospheric factors, community participation, research, vaccines, the development of antiviruses, dengue genetics and new control and vector tools were discussed, as well as the influences of climate change and confronting emergencies.
Also, the advances and results of the application of the Strategy of Integrated Management are presented which the Panamerican Organisation of Health develops in the region of the Americas to best confront dengue along with the other international initiatives.
By the same token, a parallel course took place about Mathematical Modeling for the prediction of dengue, a workshop dedicated to the serious cases of dengue and three meetings of experts also took place regarding the strengthening of vigilance, responding to the outbreaks of dengue and the integrated use of vectors.
A group of master conferences, round tables and symposiums revolve around clinical practice, confronting emergencies, diagnostics, pathogeny, vaccines, antiviral drugs, integrated control and other emerging arboviruses.
In the opening conference of the course, the first viceminister of Public Health, Dr. José Ángel Portal Miranda said that dengue is one of the main health problems that affects the Americas, and despite the efforts made to control it, the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the main vector of the illness, manages to spread it by virtue of favorable conditions for its development.
During the last decades the incidence of dengue has increased and it is spread quickly in all regions.
According to the World Organization of Health, almost half of the world’s population runs the risk of contracting this viral illness transmitted by female mosquitoes, principally Aedes aegypti and in fewer cases the Aedes albopictus.
Dengue is highly spread in the tropics above all in the urban and semi-urban zones with local variations that depend on precipitation, the temperature and fast urbanization without planning.
The prevention and control of the illness is linked to the realization of effective anti-vectorial methods. The infection causes flu-like symptoms and on occasion can be potentially mortal named serious dengue or hemorrhagic dengue.Share on FB Share on TT