With a view of the protection of the population, nature and the environment, priority is being given in Cuba to a program for the development of renewable energy sources for the generation of electricity.
With it’s abundant sunlight, wind energy and forestry and sugarcane biomass, the Caribbean country also aims to reduce it’s dependency on increasingly scarce fossil fuels, the exploitation of which cause greenhouse gas emissions that contaminate the atmosphere and exacerbate the negative effects of climate change.
According to what emerged during the recent National Science, Technology, and Innovation Conference in Havana, the Cubans, in keeping with their intentions, plan a six fold increase in the exploitation of renewable sources in the country’s electricity matrix by 2030.
More than 200 members of the country’s scientific, technological and innovational community, particularly from priority sectors such as energy, food production, health, climate change, the environment and the social and human sciences fields, attended the event.
Engineer Rosell Guerra, the Ministry for Energy and Mining’s director of renewable energy, told The Havana Reporter that 24% of the energy produced by 2030 will be from “clean energy” sources, signifying a reduction in atmospheric emissions of around 6 million tons of carbon dioxide (C02) per year.
The project will involve the construction in Cuba of 13 large wind farms which in total will account for 633megawatts (MW), the installation of 700MW photovoltaic solar parks, 19 bio-electric plants at sugar refineries with a 755MW capacity, and a further 74 small hydroelectric plants producing a total of 56MW.
Other programs relate to solar-thermal type installations; the use of forestry bio-mass and the exploitation of solid urban waste and industrial or agricultural organic residues.
Similarly, Cuba intends to install a further 200,000 solar heaters in homes, hospitals, and industrial centers, to introduce LED technology in the household. The country also intends to install street lighting and solar panels in 21,000 isolated houses and places which are hard to get to, as well as bio-digestors for bio-gas use.
The Ministry for Energy and Mining said that presently there are also studies underway regarding the use in Cuba of wave energy and oceanic thermal gradient; in order for energy to be generated based on the difference in temperature between sea level and the deeper waters.Share on FB Share on TT