Experts in Cuba have undertaken the initialization of a new plant based on Japanese technology to deal with the destruction of substances that cause Ozone Layer depletion.
The fragile gaseous strata filters sunlight and impedes harmful solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the surface of the Earth, thus preserving human, plant and animal life.
Natacha Figueredo MSc, specialist from the Ozone Technical Office (OTOZ in Spanish) explained to the Havana Reporter that this modern installation constructed in the Siguaney cement factory in the province of Sancti Spiritus, commenced operations last April,and is presently in a functional stabilization phase.
During the first stage, Ozone depletion substances (SAO in Spanish) collected during the substitution of more Cuba Eliminates Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer than 2,500,000 refrigerators and almost 300,000 air conditioners in the residential sector are to be destroyed.
The works form part of the “Energy Revolution” which fully eliminated the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) in Cuba in domestic refrigeration.Hydrofluorocarbons (HCFC) will later be destroyed in the plant which will, over the coming months, be collected from refrigeration and air conditioning units around the country.
Through this initiative, Cuba has attained the destruction this year of some 258.4 kilos of SAO, a result which places the island within an elite group ofnations in the region with the capability to undertake this complex process.
The installation is part of a demonstrative collection, recovery, storage, transport and regeneration ofsubstances detrimental to the ozone layer initiative, that is the result of a strategy developed by the OTC and the Montreal Multilateral Protocol Fund, via the United Nations Development Program(PNUD in Spanish).
The project seeks to ensure an environmentally safe outcome to SAO destruction by averting emission into the earth’s atmosphere, thus contributing to Cuba meeting Montreal Protocol Commitments to gradually eradicate and reduce SAO use.
Cuba is the first country to totally eliminate CFC consumption in domestic refrigeration, a significant contribution to the confrontation of climate changerelated issues that affect the planet, because the gases that have an impact on the Ozone Layer have a potent greenhouse effect. According to OTOZ data, the actions undertaken on the island have reduced CO2 atmospheric emissions by 4 million tons per year.
OTOZ director and doctor of Sciences, Nelson Espinosa explained that one of the most notable Cuban achievements of the past twenty years is the total elimination of a group of substances that deplete the Ozone layer, including the use of CFC’s in the manufacture of pharmaceutical and industrial aerosols, and methyl bromide in the fumigation of crops, storage units and other industrial installations.Share on FB Share on TT