PARIS. _ Climate change is a reality that is still reversible and for which, according to the Cuban meteorologist José Rubiera, governmental and political will is essential.
Rubiera, director of the Cuban Weather Forecast Center of the Meteorology Institute, said that, if necessary measures are not implemented, the moment will come when temperatures will rise beyond a point of no return due to high levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
During an event in Paris about climate and meteorology in Cuba, he told the Prensa Latina news agency that the developed nations are the most responsible for atmospheric contamination as they were able to progress precisely by means of technology harmful to climatic conditions.
It is neither possible nor fair to halt developing nations from achieving higher levels of advancement. This means that important negotiations must be held in order for the greatest polluters to committ themselves to reducing their greenhouse emissions the most.
The expert commented that one of the most convincing evidence for climate change is the extreme temperature disparities experienced in different regions of the planet. Last year was the hottest since the start of temperature measurements.
The hottest years have all been recorded in the 21st century, he recalled.
In a Caribbean country like Cuba, for example, a minimum temperature of 1 degree Celsius was recorded last February in Union de Reyes, in the province of Matanzas. Nevertheless, just under 2 months later, a high record of 35.3 degrees Celsius was recorded in the not far away province of Havana. The previous high was 33.8 in 1928.
Doctor Rubiera, who is also the vice president of a World Meteorological Organization (WMO) group of experts, stressed the importance of implementing measures in agriculture and coastal zones to cope with hurricanes and extreme temperatures.
He said that Cuba is working hard in this regard as a clearly defined political will exists, increasingly evident in measures implemented in defence of the climate and in hurricane protection systems at the economical and population level.
Rubiera added that, in terms of sustainable development, it is about attempting to achieve development while taking into account the degrees of adaptability and versatility of every activity in the context of the changing climate.
All that has an impact on implemented measures, future planning perspectives, and the economy in general, he stressed.
The aforementioned event, he explained, mainly brought together TV weather presenters. Videos forecasting how weather conditions would be in 2050 were presented as a means to alert and warn people about the potential consequences of climate change.
Rubiera represented Cuba with a forecast based on the impact that climate change could have in the Caribbean: greatly increased temperatures, very strong hurricanes, spells of severe drought, and intense rainfall.
He said that this WMO initiative selected 20 meteorologists from around the world in order to raise awareness about the challenges related to climate change that the world will face in the coming decades.Share on FB Share on TT